Reproductive Strategies – 2 col

There are reproductive strategies that couples try in order to increase their chances of becoming pregnant. The strategies include:

Adopt a healthy lifestyle
If you do not already eat healthy and exercise, start doing so. Replace junk foods, alcohol, caffeine and recreational drugs with foods that have high nutrients and are baby friendly. Moderate exercise, such as walking 30 minutes, 5 times per week, is recommended as over-exercising can inhibit you from ovulating. The best exercise is walking for 30 minutes, 5 times a week. Cease any smoking habits as it decreases fertility as well as oestrogen levels and ovulation.

Have regular sexual intercourse
Having sex on a regular basis increases chances of conceiving a baby.

Become familiar with your cycle
Women with regular 28-day cycles are able to predict their ovulation date by counting 14 days from the day their period begins. Women with irregular cycles require ovulation kits to predict their most fertile period.

Have sexual intercourse before you ovulate
According to Clarice Weinberg, Ph.D., pregnancy rates peak a few days before a woman ovulates; therefore it is suggested to have sexual intercourse on the day that you feel a hormonal surge as well as the following two days.

Have prenatal check-ups and dental exams
It is advised that women have dental exams before, during and after pregnancy due to fluctuating hormone levels turning small dental issues into major dental concerns; oral infections such as periodontal disease have been associated with low-birthweight or premature babies. Prenatal check-ups are important for preventing potential health problems you and your baby may face while going through pregnancy and testing for conditions or diseases in an embryo before birth. The prenatal examinations include:

  • Collection of medical history
  • Blood pressure measurement
  • Pelvic examination
  • Blood and urine tests
  • Height and weight measurement
  • Doppler foetal heart rate monitoring
  • Discussion with caregiver
  • Ultrasounds (more common in the second trimester onwards

Your partner
Their lifestyle effects their fertility and chances of providing sufficient sperm that can fertilise your egg(s). Your partner should adopt a healthy lifestyle such as eating proper foods, exercising and refrain from smoking, drinking excessively and doing recreational drugs in order to have better quality sperm.

Ovulation induction
For women with irregular, unpredictable cycles there are medications for correcting your cycle in order for you to predict when you may ovulate. After 10 days of taking this medication a blood test is taken and after 12 days an ultrasound is conducted to see how many follicles have developed. If you develop a follicle or follicles, there is a high chance that you will fall pregnant.

Egg reserve test (AMH)
This test can give insight into how many eggs are left and how many fertile years you have left, however the test cannot give an indication on the quality of the eggs. This test can you help you decide whether you are eligible for pregnancy.