Sexual Dysfunction

Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response, desire, orgasm or pain are known medically as female sexual dysfunction. Female sexual dysfunction can occur at any stage of life. Sexual response involves a complex interplay of physiology, emotions, experiences, beliefs and relationships. Disruption of any component can affect sexual desire, arousal or satisfaction, and treatment often involves more than an approach.

Risk Factors

There are several factors that contribute to sexual dysfunction including:

  • Physical: Any medical conditions such as: cancer, kidney failure, heart disease and bladder problems can result in sexual dysfunction.
  • Hormonal: Lower oestrogen levels after menopause may lead to changes in the genital tissues and sexual responsiveness.
  • Psychological and social: Untreated anxiety or depression, long term stress and a history of sexual abuse can cause or contribute to sexual dysfunction. In addition, cultural and religious issues, the worries of pregnancy and long-standing conflicts with partner can result in sexual dysfunction.

Treatments

There are different methods to treat sexual dysfunction based on the severity of the problem. The treatments vary from seeking counselling, use lubricant or trying a device to using oestrogen or androgen therapy method in case of hormonal problems.