Laparoscopy is a procedure that allows a surgeon to look at the organs inside the patient’s abdomen and pelvis. A camera called a laparoscope is inserted through a small incision into the abdomen. The laparoscope is fitted with a light and video camera. Images of the abdominal and pelvic organs are displayed on a video monitor. The procedure may be recorded, and photographs taken. Laparoscopy is also known as minimal access or keyhole surgery. in many cases, it can replace the need for open surgery, which involves a larger incision in the abdomen. Diagnostic laparoscopy can be used to investigate the cause of symptoms, such as pelvic pain, period problems or infertility. The doctor inspects the outside of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding organs (such as the bladder, ureters, small and large intestine) for abnormalities and signs of disease.

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