Colposcopy

A colposcope is a special instrument that uses lenses to magnify areas of the vagina that will be held a few centimetres away from the patient’s vulva helping distinguish abnormal from normal tissues. The speculum enables the Dr to view the cervix. A small biopsy is performed and the sample is sent to the laboratory for accurate analysis and conclusive diagnosis.

A colposcopy may be recommended if a pap smear has yielded abnormal or positive results, and can be used to diagnose:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)
  • Precancerous changes in the tissue of the cervix
  • Precancerous changes in the tissue of the vagina
  • Precancerous changes of the vulva
  • Cervical
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

There might be some problems if any sample was taken during colposcopy including: vaginal or vulva pain that lasts one or two days, light bleeding from the patient’s vagina that lasts for a few days, infection, and in some cases a dark discharge from patient’s vagina.