Endometrial Biopsy

Endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the lining of the uterus is taken and then observed under the microscope for possible abnormal cells or variations in hormone levels. This procedure can help if there is any problem in the endometrium.

There are several ways to collect the sample in endometrial biopsy including:

  • Using a soft device to suction a small sample of the lining from the uterus.
  • Using an electric suction device (Vabra aspiration)
  • Using a spray of liquid (jet irrigation) to wash off some of the tissue that lines the uterus.

Endometrial biopsy is taken place in order to:

  • Find the cause of heavy, prolonged, and irregular uterine bleeding
  • Check for cancer of the uterus
  • See a normal menstrual cycle change is occurred in the lining of the uterus.
  • Check for uterine infections such as endometritis.
  • Evaluate fertility.
  • Test your bodies’ response to hormone therapy.

You cannot get an endometrial biopsy during pregnancy, and it is not recommended for those with the following conditions:

  • A blood-clotting disorder
  • Acute pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Acute cervical or vaginal infection
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervical stenosis